Dummy Load

Starting points :
On one hand, we have a frequency generator whose characteristics are as follows:
= Frequency (approximately) 10 Hz to 500 000Hz
= Voltage output (approximately) 3V to 15V, always positive (no negative side excursion)
= Internal impedance (approximately) 1000_Ohms (originally, can be "anything" in real life)
Application = skin, using copper cylinders 22mm outside diameter (7 / 8 ") and 10cm to 12cm long (4 to 5")
surrounded by 2 layers of paper towels for kitchen, soaked in the salt water saturation. This type of electrode is
that recommended by Dr. Clark and will be our "standard test"

Established by others, it was shown that the load may change its characteristics according to:
     = Tiredness, health, age of the person;
     = Humidity of the skin at points of contact
     = Quality of the skin;
     = Contact area
     = The voltage applied between the contact points.
     = And also on the frequency used.

It is expected that the establishment of the dummy load will be a "close rough average" of reality, and that its
primary interest will be a predictable stability to establish a scale for comparison.

The values of this load will probably evolve in the future to an impedance more representative of reality.
Fig_2
Fig#2 : 30kHz with real load.  Voltage in Green.
Current in yellow
Fig#1 : 30kHz, no load
Fig#3 : 30kHz with dummy load (Green) over real
load (Blue).  Dummy Load Current in yellow
Fig_3
Results

Procedure :
= We used a M.Zap4R, of Maestro-Zapper because it gives us
    = A constant voltage supply
    = Its internal impedance is 1k_Ohm (identical to the original zapper)
    = Moreover, its frequency being easily adjustable, a set of frequencies where used to cover a wide range of
results.

= Output waveform, no load, as initial reference (Fig#1)
= Using a human load (me) storage in memory of output voltage (Fig # 2)
= With a network of variable resistors and capacitor, we reproduce the same result with an “exact” overlapping of
both waveforms : saved waveform - in blue - and waveform of the impedance network - in green - (Fig # 3)
= An improved correlation can be obtained with a more complex network, but the results are considered sufficient.
Fig_6
Fig_7
Fig_5
Fig_4
Fig#4 : Similar procedure with 10kHz : Dummy Load
(Green) over real load (Blue).  Current in Yellow
Dummy Load : Results
Freq
R1
R2
R3
C1
XC1
Vcac (V)
Vm (V)
Im (mA)
50kHz
100R
5.15k
745R
223
145R
4.25
4.60
2.18
30kHz
100R
5.12k
754R
333
161R
4.30
4.30
2.03
10kHz
100R
5.08k
791R
104
159R
4.60
4.15
1.87
5kHz
100R
4.23k
901R
224
143R
4.85
4.31
1.87
2.5kHz
100R
4.62k
933R
224
286R
5.40
4.20
1.87
1.0kHz
100R
4.50k
1.20R
224
714R
6.80
4.56
1.55
500Hz
100R
4.45k
1.33R
224
1.45k
7.25
4.50
1.45
250Hz
100R
4.45k
1.43R
224
2.857k
7.50
4.25
1.45
15Hz
100R
4.63k
2.1k
333
32.2k
8.13
4.31
1.72

Comments on results :
= This table has been rebuilt 3
times in 1 week, and results of R2
and R3 showed different (close)
values : load (me), had clearly
different characteristics over only a
few days!
= The results depend on too many
variables and are approximate
(around 5%). Several trends
emerge from all this data.
= R2 (skin resistance) decreases
slightly as the frequency decreases
= R3 increases slightly when the
frequency decreases
= C1 is quite high compared to my
expectations, and increases when
the frequency decreases (its
impedance decreases with
frequency)
= Impedance of R3/C1 increases
when the frequency decreases, and
its action is insignificant at 15Hz
= The voltage peak to peak
increases when the frequency
decreases, indicating that the
internal resistance of the load
increases.
= The average voltage remains
stable
= The average current is also
(relatively) stable and to my
surprise, grows at 15Hz. Quite
surprised by this result, I measured
this 3 times, showing that zapping
at 15Hz is as "effective" as a
zapping at 2.5kHz, current wise.
This point deserves further study,
and my inclination against 15Hz as
a zapping frequency should be
revised.

= An interesting comment about
the Fig#6, you can easily see
spikes on the current (yellow)
waveform.
These spikes gives a very strong
feelings of pulsating current,
making you think that the
treatment is “stronger”.  Average
current is similar to 2.5kHz, giving
no such a feeling, because
frequency is too fast to be noticed.

In light of these results, we have
choose  the "mean" values found
on 2.5kHz test :
R1 = 100R, R2 = 4.6k, R3 =
930R, C1 = 0.22UF
Yellow .
Green .

The zapper is mainly used “in vivo”
(on a living being), with load
characteristics changing widely. 
This study is only a beginning,
limited by the modest tools I can
use.

I hope other people will reproduce
this work, and we will see their
results modifie, complement and
consolidate this issue.
Fig#5 : Similar procedure with 5.0kHz : Dummy Load
(Green) over real load (Blue).  Current in Yellow
Fig#5 : Similar procedure with 2.5kHz : Dummy
Load (Green) over real load (Blue).  Current in
Yellow
Fig#6 : Similar procedure with 15kHz : Dummy Load
(Green) over real load (Blue).  Current in Yellow


Certain Internet sites associate zapper and serious illness.
It is not our role to make such assertions. 

Illness does not interest us.

We leave it to the experts of the unhealthy states.
We are only interested to feel better, which is highly subjective, and to get rid of as much “invaders” who drain our resources, as possible.

These invaders, who live at our expense, we name them under the generic name of “parasites”.

We experience the influence of the zapper effect
on these parasites, on a hypothetical and empirical basis, which have nothing to do with medical or scientific rules.
Legal disclaimer :
We do not prescribe, diagnose, or make any medical claim or advices.

The principles, assumptions or theories exposed here have no medical or scientific value officially recognized.
Please note that Dr Clark’s  books or devices have not been evaluated by Health Canada (Canada) or Food and Drugs Administration (USA), and then, have not received any guarantee on their effectiveness or their safety.
Zappers can only be sold or used as experimental devices for educational research.  They are not intended for use in the cure, treatment, prevention, diagnostic of any disease.

If illness is an issue, please consult a licensed health professional before attempting any self health program.

By using this information without the approval of a licensed health professional, you are prescribing for yourself, as permitted by law, and you take full responsibility for the results.
These results may vary depending on individuals

Bench Test Page :
= Test Conditions
    = Dummy load
 
Zapperwise
Applied Electronic to Well-Being